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30 Types of Florida Palm Trees (Includes Native & Small)

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Palm trees are everywhere in Florida. You will find them on beaches, parks, roadsides, home gardens, etc. They are also abundant in Florida’s forests.

It is really a Florida thing!

Palm trees do so well in Florida because of the state’s warm tropical to subtropical climate. The states’ USDA hardiness zones are 8 – 11.

Almost all of the palm trees on this list will do well in the southern parts of the state, but some will thrive in the relatively colder north Florida winters.  

This article will provide you with 30 different types of palm trees. 

Contents show

30 Different Types of Palm Trees that Grow in Florida

1. African Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) – Non-Native Tree

African Oil Palm - Elaeis guineensis
Image by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr

African oil palm is typically used as a crop tree in many parts of the world. But you can also use it to enhance the beauty of your Florida landscape. Although, you will have to consider the heavy fruit bunches, which are a safety hazard.

The tree features a flower that grows in large clusters. Its red or black fruit grows in clusters up to 300 per cluster. It takes about six months from pollination to maturity.

The African oil palm has few maintenance requirements. The tree does best in sandy, loam, and clay soils and requires full sunlight to bloom and thrive.

Other Common Names: Oil palm, Macaw fat 

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11 

Average Size at Maturity: 66 feet tall 

2. Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis) – Non-Native Tree

Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia Nobilis) Tree
Image by Fern Berg for Tree Vitalize

The Bismarck palm can grow up to 60 feet tall and spread up to 16 feet wide, so you will need to save a lot of space for it.

The tree’s foliage has a distinctive greyish-green color and texture that makes it noticeable in landscapes. The Bismarck palm’s split leaf roots provide an attractive pattern around the trunk. The female trees produce olive-brown fruit around 1.5 inches in diameter.

Thanks to Bismarck’s palm appearance, it does well in sunny locations such as driveways and lawns.

Other Common Names: Bismarck Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 30 – 60 feet tall and 12 – 16 feet wide

3. Mexican Fan Palm (Washington robusta) – Non-Native Tree

Mexican Fan Palm Lyrae Willis
Image by Lyrae Willis for Tree Vitalize

The Mexican fan palm’s scientific name Washington Robusta is in honor of the US President, George Washington. This palm tree grows fast and has fan-shaped green leaves up to 5 feet long. 

The Mexican fan palm leaves with spine-tipped stalks and drooping tips. When the leaves die, they fold down toward the tree’s base to make a “skirt” around it. The tree works well in small gardens. 

This “skirted” palm tree requires full sun and tolerates poor soil.

Other Common Names: Skyduster, Washingtonia Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 50 – 60 feet tall and 10 – 15 feet wide

4. Sabal Palmetto (Sabal palmetto) – Native Tree

Cabbage Palm or Sabal Palmetto
Image by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr

The cabbage palm or Sabal Palmetto grows with a large, spherical canopy of fan-shaped leaves. The Sabal Palmetto is the official state tree of Florida. It is also on the flag of “The Palmetto State,” South Carolina.

Sabal Palmetto has fruit called a black drupe which small mammals and birds like to eat. With its fronds, this ornamental tree can give your yard a tropical feel and cast a soft shade.

The Sabal Palmetto can grow in sandy, clay, or loamy soils. When it’s young, it needs to be watered often, but it requires less as it matures. Also, for it to bloom, it needs full or partial sunlight.

Other Common Names: Cabbage Palm, Cabbage Palmetto, Carolina Palmetto, Blue Palmetto, Swamp Cabbage

USDA Growing Zones: 8 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 40 – 50 feet tall and 10 –15 feet wide

5. Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) – Non-Native Tree

Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) Trees
Image by Fern Berg for Tree Vitalize

The Canary Island date palm is an impressive tree with a strong trunk. It can have up to 100 beautiful feathery fronds that arch up. In the summer, the female palms make dates measuring about an inch long. They are edible but not delicious.

This tree needs a lot of care and time, and it will only grow to about 10 feet tall in the first 15 years, on average.

The Canary Island date palm does best in rich soils with a medium amount of water. It also needs full sun and regular watering to bloom. Once it’s grown, the Canary Island date palm can resist drought.

Other Common Names: Canary Date, Palm and Pineapple Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 8 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 40 – 60 feet tall and 20 – 40 feet wide

6. Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) – Non-Native Tree

Chinese Fan Palm
Image by Joegoauk Goa via Flickr

The Chinese fan palm is a medium-sized palm with a thin trunk and huge, rough-textured leaves. This beautiful plant has a canopy that looks like a beautiful fountain and has a soft, flowing look. Also, it can grow as wide as 6 feet.

This plant is often used in landscaping, but it is also an excellent choice for an indoor plant because of its compact size. For it to grow indoors, it needs enough space and sunlight. It does best in a room between 55 and 60 degrees.

The Chinese fan palm does best in moist, rich soil and good drainage. When it’s young, it does best in a place with some shade, but it needs full sun to bloom when it’s older.

Other Common Names: Fountain palm

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 10 – 30 feet tall and 10 – 15 feet wide 

7. Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) – Non-Native Tree

Coconut Palm
Image by Katja Schulz via Flickr

Native to Southeast Asia, the coconut palm features a leaning and ringed trunk. The most famous use of coconut palm is for culinary purposes.

But it would help if you were careful because the coconuts fall off the top of the tree. This could be dangerous if the tree is not in the right place in your garden.

The coconut palm grows best in moist, well-drained soil and only needs moderate water. But for the coconut palm to bloom, it needs to be in full sun.

Other Common Names: Coconut palm

USDA Growing Zones: 6 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 50 – 60 feet tall and 22 – 30 feet wide

8. Dwarf Palmetto (Sabal minor) – Native Tree

Dwarf Palmetto
Image by Drew Avery via Flickr

Native to Florida, the dwarf palmetto is a small palm with a short trunk that stays green all year. The dwarf palmetto grows dark fruits called “drupes” and creamy-white flowers with a strong scent.

The dwarf palmetto has about 5 to 10 dark blue-green leaves with 30 to 40 leaflets that look like a fan.

This tree grows best in moist soil and full sun or part shade. The best way to use this tree in your garden is as a focal point in beds or as an understory palm for taller trees.

Other Common Names: Bush Palmetto, Scrub Palmetto, Swamp Palmetto, Bluestem Palmetto

USDA Growing Zones: 7 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 4 – 6 feet tall and 3 – 5 feet wide

9. European Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis) – Non-Native Tree

European Fan Palm
Image by Torquay Palms via Flickr

The European fan palm is a beautiful bushy palm that can have one stem or more than one. The tree has gray-green, fan-shaped leaves at the top of its 4-foot stem.

The European fan grows slowly and makes an exotic focal point in your garden.

It needs full sun and soil that drains well and stays moist. The European palm can handle drought once mature, but it needs to be watered regularly to stay healthy.

Other Common Names: European Fan Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, European Fan Palm, African Hair Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 8 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 12 – 15 feet tall and 5 – 6 feet wide

10. Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) – Non-Native Tree

Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) Tree, Leaves and Early Flowers
Images by Fern Berg, Own Work, for Tree Vitalize

The fishtail palm has straight and curved branches, stems with no branches, and can grow up to 40 feet tall. The name “fishtail” comes from the pinnules, which are cut in a way that makes them look like fishtails.

This palm is an excellent choice if you want to put an exotic plant in your subtropical garden. It can also be used as a decorative plant inside.

The Fishtail palm needs full sun or some shade, moderate watering, and sometimes dry, well-drained soil.

If you have children or pets, you should be careful about planting it in the garden because this palm is poisonous when ingested.

Other Common Names: Burmese fishtail palm, Clustering fishtail palm, Fishtail Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 10

Average Size at Maturity: 10 – 20 feet tall and 10 – 12 feet wide

11. Florida Royal Palm (Roystonea regia) – Native Tree

Royal Palm
Image by Lisa Jacobs via Flickr

The Florida royal palm is a tall, imposing palm with a smooth, silvery gray stem and large, beautiful, dark green fronds on top. This huge palm tree, which can grow up to 80 feet tall, is one of the most popular landscaping palms for wealthy homes in South Florida.

This tree works best in extensive, open gardens that can handle its size and give the heavy dead leaves a safe place to fall.

This palm grows best in rich, moist soil that drains well and is watered regularly. When young, these palms do well in some shade, but when they are older, they need full sun.

The Florida Royal Palm is known to be able to handle drought once it has grown. But care must be taken to ensure the trees are healthy because these tree is prone to disease and mineral deficiency.

Other Common Names: Royal Palm, Florida Royal Palm, and Cuban Royal Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 60 – 100 feet tall and 20 – 30 feet wide

12. Florida Silver Palm (Coccothrinax argentata) – Native Tree

Florida Silver Palm
Image by James St. John via Flickr

The leaves of the Florida silver palm look like fans, and the stem goes straight up. It has blue-green leaves with silvery undersides that are shaped like palms.

In the summer, the tall stems of this plant are covered with fragrant, creamy-white flowers. By early fall, the flowers have been replaced by small, round, purple-to-black fruits. Birds and other animals eat the fruits.

This tree grows very slowly, about 5 inches a year on average. Because of its narrow shape, it makes a great accent tree in small gardens.

This tree needs little water and does best in dry, moist soils with good drainage. It requires direct sunlight.

Other Common Names: Silver Thatch Palm, Silver Palm, Biscayne Palm, and Silvertop

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 5 – 20 feet tall and 4 – 5 feet wide

13. Florida Thatch Palm (Thrinax radiata) – Native Tree

Florida Thatch Palm
Image by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr

The Florida thatch palm tree is a solitary tree that grows thick and low to the ground before growing up into a thin tree with wide, 2.5-foot-long leaves. When it gets old, some species of the Florida thatch palm make a canopy spread out, while others make a canopy closer together.

This tree grows very slowly in the shade, so if you want it to grow faster, you should put it in full sunlight. The best way to plant trees is to put them 5–10 feet apart or combine varieties with more than one trunk to create a screen.

Florida thatch palm does best in sandy soil, so don’t plant it in too wet or thick soil. It doesn’t need much care once it’s grown up. It also cleans itself, so you only have to cut off the dead leaves a few times a year.

Other Common Names: Sea Thatch Palm, Silk-Top Thatch Palm, Broad Thatch Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 20 – 25 feet tall and 4 – 5 feet wide

14. Foxtail Palm (Wodyetia bifurcata) – Non-Native Tree

Foxtail Palm
Image by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr

Native to Australia, the foxtail palm is a flexible plant that grows quickly and does well in many different soil types. It is an excellent choice for people near the ocean or in other salty areas because it can withstand wind and salty sea spray.

The smooth and thin trunk of the foxtail palm grows one, two, or three stems. Also, the trunk has a lot of dark to light gray rings that get increasingly white as they go up.

The foxtail palm needs soil that drains well and isn’t too acidic to stay healthy. If you want the plant to grow faster, you should put it in full sunlight. However, it can still grow in partial shade.

This tree is easy to take care of because it cleans itself. Just pick up the dead leaves that fall from the tree. Even though the foxtail palm can survive drought, it must be watered regularly to stay healthy and keep its exotic look.

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 8 – 30 feet tall and 15 – 20 feet wide

15. Pindo Palm (Butia capitata) – Non-Native Tree

Pindo palm is a beautiful palm that grows slowly. The tree’s trunk is thick, and its leaves curve down.

Pindo palm features small, creamy-yellow, and fruity-smelling blooms that can grow up in clusters up to 3 feet long and appear on long spikes all summer. After which, the tree features clusters of many edible orange fruits.

This palm tree can easily grow in clay, loamy, or sandy soils that drain well. It also does well in full sun or partial shade. This low-maintenance tree doesn’t need much water and can stand drought when it matures.

Other Common Names: Jelly Palm, Wine Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 8 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 15 – 20 feet tall and 10 – 15 feet wide

16. King Palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana) – Non-Native Tree

Alexander Palm, King Palm tree (Archontophoenix alexandrae)
Image by Fern Berg for Tree Vitalize

The tall and beautiful king palm has a smooth, ringed trunk with an even diameter. It usually has green leaves measuring about 14 feet long and comes in different shades. This tree’s dead leaves fall off on their own, so you don’t have to do much work to keep it looking nice.

King palm grows in different kinds of soil, but it does best in soil with a lot of organic matter. It does best in full sun or light shade and can grow very quickly when it gets enough water. It needs to be in a cool, shady place to stay healthy and grow when it is young. When it is older, it needs full sun.

Lastly, it doesn’t do well when the root is disturbed during transplanting.

Other Common Names: King Palm, Piccabeen Palm, and Illawara Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 50 – 75 feet tall and 10 – 15 feet wide

17. Lady Palm (Rhapis excelsa) – Non-Native Tree

Bamboo Palm, Broaddleaf Lady Palm, Fan Tufted Palm, Lady Palm (Rhapis excelsa)
Images by Fern Berg, Own Work, for Tree Vitalize

The lady palm has long stalks and dark green, fan-shaped leaves. As the tree ages, the brown fibers that cover the strong canes fall off. This shows the bamboo-like trunk.

This palm tree grows slowly but only needs a little care. It does best in well-drained soils in shaded areas but can also do well in almost full shade.

When young, the tree needs moderate watering, but once it’s grown, it can withstand drought, and doesn’t require much care.

Other Common Names: Broadleaf Lady Palm, Bamboo Palm, Little Lady Palm, Miniature Fan Palm, and Slender Lady Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 4 – 12 feet tall and 3 – 8 feet wide

18. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) – Non-Native Tree

Windmill Palm
Image by Dana L. Brown via Flickr

This tree is called the windmill palm because its leaves look like the blades of a windmill. The tree grows up to 2 feet a year and ends in tufts of dark green leaves that look like fans measuring up to 3 feet wide.

The windmill palm is easy to take care of and can handle drought. It is also resistant to salt. This tree does best in rich and well-drained soils and needs full sun, but it can also tolerate some shade.

Other Common Names: Chinese Windmill Palm, Chusan Palm, Wagner’s Windmill Palm, and Miniature Chusan Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 7 – 10

Average Size at Maturity: 20 – 40 feet tall and 6 – 7 feet wide

19. Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix) – Native Tree

Needle Palm
Image by Christopher Sessums via Flickr

The needle palm is shrubby with a short, thick stem and glossy and large leaves.

The tree has cream-colored flowers that turn into tiny, brownish-red fruits hidden by the palm’s dense foliage. Most animals struggle to reach the fruits because the leaf sheaths have long, stiff, sharp spines that look like needles (thus the popular name).

The needle Palm grows best in moist soil with good drainage and a lot of organic matter. It is easy to grow because the palm does well in various soils and doesn’t need much care. It grows well in full sun but does best when planted in areas with some shade.

Other Common Names: Needle Palm, Blue Palmetto, and Porcupine Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 7 – 10

Average Size at Maturity: 3 – 9 feet tall and 6 – 8 feet wide 

20. Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea elegans) – Non-Native Tree

Parlor Palm
Image by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr

The parlor palm has upright buds, flexible tubular stems without spines, pinnate foliage, crescent-shaped leaves with holes, and a 12-inch long ringed stigma. The way the leaves hang down and are spread out is very appealing.

In South Florida, you can grow it outdoors. Elsewhere it is better indoors. This plant can work in full or partial shade and clean the air inside.

Parlor palm likes moist soil that drains well and can grow in dry soil. You must ensure it doesn’t get too much water, which is bad for the plant’s health.

Other Common Names: Bamboo Palm, Chamaedorea, Collina Elegans, Dwarf Palm, Good Luck Palm, Miniature Fish Tail Dwarf Palm, Neanthebella, Neanthe Bella Palm, Neanthe Palm, Reed Palm

USDAHardiness Zone: 10 – 12

Average Size at Maturity: 2 – 7 feet tall and 2 – 3 feet wide

21. Paurotis Palm (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii) – Native Tree

Paurotis Palm
Image by Pamla J. Eisenberg via Flickr

The elegant Paurotis palm grows in clumps and has many stems. It has stiff, fan-shaped leaves and a thin trunk. The bright green, 2-foot-wide leaves have a hint of silver at the bottom. The leaves can get as long as three feet and are attached to long, sharp petioles.

From the ground up, the leaves can grow so thick that they can hide in the trunk. You can take off the lowest fronds to show off the beauty of the trunk.

The Paurotis palm has a thin, dark stem that is often covered by a thick mat of fibers. In the spring, the palm has a lot of small, creamy-white flowers; they turn into orange berries that turn black as they age.

This tree grows slowly and does best in full sunlight and moist soil, but it can also grow in dry soil.

Other Common Names: Everglades Palm, Silver Saw Palmetto, Saw Cabbage Palm, and Madeira Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 20 – 30 feet tall and 20 – 30 feet wide

22. Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) – Non-Native Tree

Pygmy Date Palm
Image by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr

The pygmy date palm is a small tree with a short trunk and a thick crown of fronds that arch gracefully. Leaves that are compound and pinnate can be up to 3 feet long and are made up of several linear leaflets.

Even though this palm usually only has one trunk, sometimes it has many. They are gray-brown and have diamond-shaped leaf bases.

Both male and female trees have clusters of cream-colored blooms that hang down. Beautiful clusters of tiny black edible fruits replace the flowers on female palms.

This tree needs to be watered often, but it is easy to grow. It does best in moist, well-drained soil in full sun, but it can also do well in partial shade. But it would be best to plant this tree in a part of your garden that doesn’t get direct sunlight to prevent the burning of delicate leaves.

Also, you should be careful around the thorns, especially if your children can get to the garden.

Other Common Names: Dwarf Date Palm, Miniature Date Palm, and Roebelin Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 6 – 10 feet tall and 6 – 8 feet wide 

23. Queen Palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) – Non-Native Tree

Queen Palm Syagrus romanzoffiana - leaves flowers - Sin Medieterraneo .cultivation 2020-04-30
Image by Lyrae Willis for Tree Vitalize

The queen palm is a beautiful palm with a tall canopy of gently arching fronds that look like feathers and can grow as long as 8 to 15 feet. Each dark green leaf is made up of many leaflets that hang down.

The gray trunk is smooth and wide, with bumps of different sizes. In the spring and summer, it features creamy flowers. Eventually, these flowers turn into dates, which pile up on the ground under the tree’s canopy.

The queen palm tree can live up to 150 years. As the tree matures, you must keep the soil moist and give it fertilizer regularly.

The tree does well in acidic soils that drain well and are in full sun. To stay healthy, it needs to be watered often.

Other Common Names: Queen Palm, Cocos Plumosa, Jeriva

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 25 – 50 feet tall and 15 – 25 feet wide

24. Red Latan Palm Tree (Latania lontaroides) – Non-Native Tree

Red Latan Palm
Image by gérard via Flickr

The Red Latan palm has a single, neat trunk that gets wider at the base. The scars left by the fallen fronds go around the smooth, 10-inch-wide trunk.

Large, palmate-shaped leaves form a circular crown up to 20 feet wide. The stiff leaves are held up by large, armed stems up to 5 feet long. The Red Latan Palm gets its common name from the red color of its young leaves, petioles, leaf edges, and veins.

As the leaves age, they lose their color and turn green, but the edges and stems of the leaves never lose their red color. Small yellow flowers grow on the tree, turning into oval fruit.

This slow-growing tree does best in areas with full sun and moist, well-drained soil. It also needs moderate watering and benefits from a good palm fertilizer.

Other Common Names: Red Latan, Latanier de la Réunion, and Latanier rouge

USDA Growing Zones: 10 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 15 – 40 feet tall and 15 – 20 feet wide

25. Lipstick Palm (Cyrtostachys renda) – Non-Native Tree

Lipstick Palm
Image by Forest and Kim Starr via Flickr

The lipstick palm is a tropical palm that grows slowly and has a beautiful color. This tree’s red crownshaft is long, shiny, and looks like a lipstick tube. It also has a thin trunk that is bright green and has white rings around it.

In the summer, small, light green flowers grow on branching inflorescences under the crownshaft. Small, oval, dark blue-black fruits follow these flowers.

The Lipstick Palm does best in places with a lot of moisture in the soil and a lot of humidity. It is hard to grow because it doesn’t like dryness, heat, or temperatures below 50ºF.

This tree should be planted in a place that gets partial shade.

Other Common Names: Red Sealing Wax Palm, Sealing Wax Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 11 – 12

Average Size at Maturity: 25 – 35 feet tall and 12 – 20 feet wide

26. Ribbon Fan Palm (Livistona decipiens)Non-Native Tree

Ribbon Fan Palm
Image via Urban Tropicals

The ribbon fan palm is decorative. It has fan-shaped leaves that hang down and have ribbon-like ends.

This palm tree can be a focal point in your garden or be planted in rows near the entrance to a large garden to make it look like you are walking through a grand opening.

This tree can grow in any soil and even thrive in wet soil. It can also handle heat and cold when it gets older, but it doesn’t like the wind. It does best in places with full sun to partial shade and rich soil and only needs moderate water.

Other Common Names: Fountain Palm, Weeping Cabbage Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 13

Average Size at Maturity: 30 – 40 feet tall and 20 – 25 feet wide

27. Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens) – Native Tree

Saw Palmetto
Image by Marianne Serra via Flickr

Native to Florida, the saw palmetto is a slow-growing palm with many stems that grow into a dense cluster. It has leaves that look like fans and can be silvery white, blue-green, or green.

From late spring to July, creamy-white flowers with a sweet scent grow on stalks up to 3 feet long and branch out. These stalks grow from the leaf axils. Bees get nectar from flowers to make honey. The blooms are replaced by small, juicy, golden berries that turn black over time.

Most people grow this tree for its looks since it has a lot of leaves that look nice in the landscape. Saw palmetto can be used as a foundation plant, an accent plant with different textures, a ground cover, or to stop erosion. It can also stand up to fire very well.

Saw palmettos grow best in clay, loam, and sandy soils that drain well and are in full sun to full shade. It needs to be watered often when it’s young, but when it’s fully grown, it can survive in dry conditions and needs less water.

These trees can be planted indoors, in pots, close to each other to make a privacy screen, as an understory plant, etc.

Other Common Names: Saw Palmetto, Scrub Palmetto, and Silver Saw Palmetto

USDA Growing Zones: 8 – 10

Average Size at Maturity: 4 – 6 feet tall and 4 – 6 feet wide

28. Scrub Palmetto (Sabal etonia) – Native Tree

Scrub Palmetto
Image by cultivar413 via Flickr

Native to the Florida forests, the scrub palmetto is a small palm with a stem that grows underground. The tree usually has 25 to 50 leaflets on its four to seven costapalmate leaves.

The flower clusters, which look like bushy branches, are shorter than the leaves and turn to brownish-black berries.

The scrub palmetto can grow in dry sandy soil, but it does best in soil drains well. If you have a small garden, this plant is a good choice. The scrub palmetto needs full sun to part shade and a lot of water in the summer. You can help it grow by giving it fertilizer.

Other Common Names: Scrub Palmetto, Miami Palmetto

USDA Growing Zones: 9 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 3 – 6 feet tall and 4 – 5 feet wide

29. Solitaire Palm (Ptychosperma elegans) – Non-Native Tree

Solitaire Palm
Image by daniel rengel via Flickr

The solitaire palm is a single-stemmed palm with a light grey color, a rounded base, and apparent leaf scars around the trunk. Most of the time, the crown has 7 to 11 pinnate fronds that grow to be about 9.8 feet long.

The crownshaft has a waxy covering and a mid-green color. The leaf stem, or petiole, is about 12 inches long. This palm is a tropical species that gardeners like because it has red fruit, a thin trunk, and a crown that curves up.

It does best in moist soil, low humidity, full sun or part shade, and lots of water. It prefers to avoid hot, dry, or windy conditions.

Other Common Names: Alexander Palm, Elegant Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 11

Average Size at Maturity: 33 – 39 feet tall

30. Sylvester Palm (Phoenix sylvestris) – Native Tree

Sylvester Palm
Image by Dinesh Valke via Flickr

The Sylvester palm is a slow-growing tree with blue-green leaves that are made up of many different parts. They can grow up to 10 feet long, and the 18-inch-long leaflets can grow across the rachis, so the whole leaf looks flat.

The part of the plant that goes from the leaf to the trunk has spines. When the tree is young, the leaf scars are in the shape of a triangle. Over time, the scars change into the shape of a diamond. The tree has a dense network of branches. It has orange, rectangular fruits that grow in groups and turn dark red to purple as they mature.

The Sylvester Palm can grow in many kinds of soil, but it does best in moist sand and has good drainage. It grows best in full sun to partial shade and needs moderate water.

Other Common Names: Wild Date Palm, India Date Palm, India Winepalm, Silver Date Palm, and Toddy Palm

USDA Growing Zones: 8 – 11

Average Size at Maturity: 25 – 50 feet tall and 10 – 15 feet wide

So Many Palm Trees for Florida!

Florida is home to a diverse range of palm trees, including native and small varieties. From the African oil palm to the more exotic Mexican fan palm, these trees add beauty and tropical charm to any landscape. 

Whether you’re looking to create a lush, tropical oasis or add a touch of greenery to your yard, there is a palm tree species that will suit your needs and preferences.

With proper care and maintenance, these trees can thrive in Florida’s warm, humid climate, providing years of enjoyment and visual appeal.

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